The Protestant Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War.
It is a welfare state with a European social model, universal health care, and tuition-free university education.
It ranks 15th in the UN inequality-adjusted human development and 14th in the World Bank Human Capital Index ahead of countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom and France.
It is also a member of the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.
The traditional English name "Bohemia" derives from Latin "Boiohaemum", which means "home of the Boii".
Most of the German-speaking minority were expelled following the war.